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Bamboo Alternative – Starting from Disposable Bamboo Tableware

With the increasingly serious “environmental” issues, as well as the national call for energy saving and emission reduction, looking for alternatives to plastic has become an important issue. For example, this year’s two sessions, the National People’s Congress, Kang Enbei Group Chairman Hu Jiqiang in the fourth group of the Zhejiang delegation to discuss the scene raised a question: “Have you ever thought about, if we live a lot of things can be replaced by bamboo, what kind of changes will be brought to the environment?”

Bamboo can be cut down year after year, year after year growth, is a sustainable species, more than 20 provinces in the country widely distributed, huge reserves of resources, daily necessities, packaging and many other areas can be used in bamboo instead of plastic products, has been developed bamboo products have more than 100 series, tens of thousands of varieties.

With the improvement of production technology and process, bamboo is not only limited to replace plastic products, but also replace metal, cement and other traditional materials. For example, bamboo winding composite materials, its main raw material using renewable and recyclable fast-growing plants bamboo, bamboo winding composite material technology breakthroughs, making it possible to replace steel, cement, plastics, glass with bamboo products in a number of fields, thus generating a very significant carbon reduction benefits.

It is understood that now, China’s annual felling of about 150 million tons of bamboo, has been applied to 40 million tons, there are still 110 million tons of bamboo material idle. If these bamboos are all utilized to processed into bamboo winding composite materials to replace reinforced concrete, etc., can reduce carbon dioxide emissions by 170 million tons per year, accounting for 1.7% of China’s current total annual carbon emissions. Relevant research shows that the annual carbon storage capacity of 1 hectare of moso bamboo is 5.09 tons, which is 1.46 times that of cedar and 1.33 times that of tropical rainforest.

At the same time, plastic disposable tableware is the most commonly contacted plastic products in our daily life. Along with the development of the takeaway industry, the use of disposable plastic products has also risen sharply, and there are media reports stating that “takeaway plastic bags can cover a West Lake in fifteen days,” and that “a day’s worth of takeaway boxes can be piled up more than 330 times the size of Mount Everest. can pile up more than 330 Mount Everest” …… If in accordance with the above calculation method, 2020 takeaway garbage has become “takeaway plastic bags less than three days can cover a West Lake”, “takeaway box a day can be piled up 770 Mount Everest”.

In addition, some media through interviews, data combing, projections, etc. found that in 2020 the national takeaway garbage in plastic waste weight of about 578,000 tons to 1.6 million tons. Harmless treatment of 1.6 million tons of plastic waste will cost about 2.45 billion yuan, and the cost will be borne by the tax paid by each of us.

The environmental pollution caused by plastic products is well known. According to the statistics of China’s municipal waste disposal method in 2021, the current disposal method of disposable lunch boxes is still dominated by 52% landfill and 45% incineration. Simple landfill disposal will lead to a large number of bacteria lurking on the discarded plastic lunch boxes and long-term pollution of the soil and groundwater sources, and incineration releases sulphur dioxide, dioxin, etc. which are more prone to cause respiratory infections and bodily lesions in human beings, and bring about serious air pollution. Air pollution.

In this regard, the environmental pollution caused by plastic tableware has prompted the introduction of a series of “plastic” to “ban” policies at home and abroad. At the same time, in the context of the global ban on plastic, plant fiber lunch boxes related fields continue to emerge new products and new technologies, the new stage of its development is facing great opportunities.

Disposable bamboo fiber tableware as one of the categories of plant fiber lunch box, has unique advantages. Such as, resource advantage: China is the world’s largest bamboo forest area, the most abundant bamboo resources, bamboo industrialization of the most developed countries; material advantages: bamboo has a strong toughness, short cultivation cycle; technical advantages: bamboo fiber natural material advantages (toughness, pine thickness ratio, length and slenderness ratio of the moderate) combined with sodium sulfite, steam blasting, and other simple pre-treatment, can be prepared with excellent performance of the Bamboo fiber lunch box raw materials.

It is understood that at present, disposable bamboo fiber tableware has a certain market base and industrial scale at home and abroad.In 2018, China’s export trade of bamboo products accounted for 73.1% of the total global trade, of which bamboo tableware accounted for 42.38%. Due to the regional characteristics of bamboo resources distribution, most of the current bamboo fiber lunch box processing enterprises are mainly concentrated in Fujian, Zhejiang, Jiangxi, Chongqing, Sichuan and Anhui provinces and cities. China has developed into the world’s largest country in the production and consumption of bamboo fiber lunch boxes. According to the forecast, bamboo fiber lunch box market capacity will grow rapidly, 3 years up to more than 5 billion.

The most important thing is that the discarded bamboo fiber lunch box discarded in the soil, can be degraded in 2 months. It can be seen that if we want to do “bamboo alternative”, starting from disposable bamboo tableware, there will be a better market response and acceptance, feasibility.

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